Tower of London Timeline

The Tower of London
 

The Tower of London Timeline
The History of the site of Tower of London covers hundreds of years and many different reigns. This comprehensive Tower of London Timeline has been developed to show the major events which occurred during the various rule of each of the Kings and Queens of England. The Tower of London Timeline is simple to follow and the dates of each of the reigns and the names of the relevant Kings and Queens are highlighted for ease of reference. All major building events are detailed in the Tower of London timeline. Key events of the history of London and England have also been described within the Tower of London timeline. Links have also been provided giving access to even more facts and information about events listed in the Tower of London Timeline. Please click the following link for comprehensive facts and information about all of the Medieval Kings and Queens in the Middle Ages

 
 
 
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Tower of London Timeline

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Tower of London Timeline

       
  Tower of London Timeline Tower of London Timeline Events  
       
  Tower of London Ancient Timeline  
       
  43AD The Romans built a fort, in the walled city they called Londinium, on the site of present day London on the North Bank of the River Thames  
       
  c.530AD Celtic Legend tells King Bran Hen of Bryneich was killed in battle and requested that his head was buried, as a talisman against invasion, on Gwynfryn (the 'White Mount') where the Tower of London now stands. 'Bran' is the Celtic word for 'raven' - origin of the Tower of London ravens legend  
       
  885AD King Alfred the Great rebuilds part of the old Londinium Roman Wall  
       
  Tower of London Timeline Dates - 1000's  
       
  1066 - 1087 William the Conqueror  
       
  1066 The Normans invade England in September 1066 and commence their strategy of building castles  
       
  1066/67 The Normans start to build a timber tower in their Motte and Bailey Castles style using the old Roman city walls to the east and south massive ditches to the West and the North as protection. A palisade was built along the north and west sides of the Tower  
       
  January 1067 William the Conqueror is crowned King of England in Westminster Abbey in London  
       
  1078 A stone built, fortified, Tower was commissioned by William the Conqueror replacing the timber tower - it was called the Great Tower ( White Tower )  
       
  1078 The name of the Norman Master Builder of the Tower of London was Gundulf, Bishop of Rochester  
       
  1086 The Doomsday Book is completed in England  
       
  9th September 1087 William the Conqueror dies at Saint-Gervais near Rouen, France  
       
  1078 - 1097 The White Tower was built by Norman masons but the labourers were English (Anglo-Saxon).  
       
  1087 - 1100 William Rufus (son of William)  
       
  1091 A great storm damaged the timber outworks - the minor fortifications constructed beyond the main defensive position ( the Tower ) requiring repairs  
       
  1097 Work on the White Tower was completed and the inner ward of the Tower was enclosed  
       
  Tower of London Timeline Events and Dates - 1100's  
       
  1100 - 1135 Henry I (William Rufus' brother)  
       
    No records of additional work during this period  
       
  1100 The first recorded state prisoner was Ranulf Flambard, Bishop of Durham Tower of London Prisoners  
       
  1101 Bishop Ranulf Flambard escapes from the Tower of London  
       
  1135 - 1154 Stephen (nephew of Henry I)  
       
    No records of additional work during this period  
       
  1154 - 1189 Henry II (grandson of Henry I)  
       
    No records of additional work during this period  
       
  1189 - 1199 Richard I (third son of Henry II)  
       
  1190 Work started to surround the White Tower with two towered curtain walls and a great ditch as additional defences.  
       
   

Richard the Lionheart embarked on the Crusades. William Longchamp, the Bishop of Ely was appointed his regent - Justiciar of all England and Constable of the Tower of London. Residing in the fortress he seized land from the city and of St. Katharine's Hospital and expanded the Tower as follows:

  • The Roman wall was extended as a curtain wall westwards along the waterfront
  • The Wardrobe Tower was built where the monarch’s clothing, armour and equipment were stored
  • Work on the construction of the Bell Tower commenced
  • A Northern wall created the Outer Ward and a second curtain wall
  • Deep ditch dug outside of the walls
  • Efforts to flood the ditch from the River Thames failed
 
       
  1191 The first siege at the Tower of London  
       
  1191 Prince John opposes the powerful Bishop Longchamp and lays siege to the Tower of London. After only three days, lack of provisions forced Bishop Longchamp to surrender  
       
  Tower of London Timeline Events and Dates - 1200's  
       
  1199 - 1216 A Royal Menagerie was established at the Tower  
       
  1204 The church of St. Peter was completed  
       
  1210 The Bell Tower was completed during the reign of King John  
       
  1210 King John took up residence in the Tower  
       
  1210 A moat was dug outside the City of London wall. The City ditch drained into the Tower moat causing a foul smell in the Tower and causing friction between John and the Londoners  
       
  1211 / 1213 Signing of the Magna Charta between King John and the Barons  
       
  1215 The whole Tower was held in pledge for the completion of Magna Charta  
       
  1215 / 1216 Legend has it that King John lost the Crown Jewels, which were kept in Westminster Abbey, in quicksand  
       
  1216 Work continued on the additional Tower of London defences  
       
  1216 - 1272 Henry III (son of John)  
       
    King Henry III was only ten years old when he was crowned but he immediately started on a strategy to reinforce all of the royal castles, including the Tower of London. At first the fortifications were strengthened and a new wall was built enclosing the west side of the Inmost Ward  
       
  1220 - 1230's Royal accommodation was extended in the White Tower which was substantially rebuilt with a new Great Hall and kitchens  
       
  1236 There was opposition to his ruler and Henry took refuge in the Tower from the Barons  
       
  1238 Once again, Henry took refuge in the Tower from the Barons  
       
  1238 - 1272

Henry, appreciating the strength of the Tower, initiated further building plans with his chief architect Henry de Reyns together with John of Gloucester and Robert of Beverley:

  • The Wakefield Tower was added as the Kings Lodgings ( the second largest tower)
  • The Lanthorn Tower was added as the Queens Lodgings
  • A new entrance to the Tower of London, with a drawbridge was added called the Byward Tower
    • The Byward Tower was the great Gatehouse of the Outer Ward and is in part the work of Henry III, and in part that of Richard II
  • A great new curtain wall was constructed round the north, east, and west sides of the castle
  • The new curtain wall doubled the area covered by the Tower complex, enclosing the neighboring church of St Peter ad Vincula
  • The King paid for the new land which the owners had been forced to sell
  • The moat was extended and successfully flooded with water from the River Thames by a Flemish engineer called John Le Fosser
 
       
  1241 - 1244 The Welsh Prince Gruffydd was imprisoned and fell to his death in a bid to escape  
       
  1263 - 1267 The Barons War. The barons led by Simon de Montfort force the king to submit to government by council leading to the formation of the English Parliament  
       
  1264 The Royal Menagerie was moved to the Bulwark (outer defence), which was duly renamed the Lion Tower  
       
  1255 King Louis of France gave Henry III the first elephant seen in England  
       
  1238 - 1272

Ten additional towers were built added including:

A massive £21,000 was spent on these improvements

 
       
  1272 - 1307 Edward I (son of Henry III) also referred to as Longshanks  
       
  1272 - 1307 King Edward I continued the castle building initiated by his father Henry III and, with his chief architect and builder Master James of St George,  built massive Concentric Castles in England, Scotland and Wales. The White Tower was strengthened with two towered curtain walls and great ditch defences  
       
  1275 - 1279 St Thomas's Tower was built ( named after Thomas a Becket ) with new Royal lodgings and the River Thames entrance known as Traitor's Gate  
       
  1275 - 1279 The Well Tower was built ( two water shafts from the tower ran underground )  
       
  1275 - 1281 The Beauchamp Tower, started in 1275, and the moat was completed  
       
  1282 A new postern ( small entrance ) to the Tower of London was added called the Develin Tower  
       
  1303 The Crown Jewels were moved from Westminster Abbey to the Tower which served as a treasury  
       
  Tower of London Timeline Events & Dates - 1300's  
       
  1307 - 1327 Edward II (son of Edward I)  
       
  1307 - 1327 The Tower of London played a crucial role during the dangerous reign of King Edward II and was used a royal refuge and to maintain royal authority.  
       
  1307 - 1327 Improvements were made to the Tower of London defences including the curtain walls  
       
  1307 - 1327 The Tower was used for the storage of official papers by the King’s Wardrobe  
       
  1324 Roger Mortimer, the first Earl of March, leads the barons in a rebellion against King Edward II. He was incarcerated in the Tower but managed to escape to France, followed by his lover, Isabella of France, wife of Edward II and Queen of England!  
       
  1327 The king was forced to abdicate in favour of his young son, Edward III. England was ruled by Mortimer and Isabella who are believed to have arranged the murder of Edward II at Berkeley Castle  
       
  1327 - 1377 Edward III (son of Edward II)  
       
  22-Aug-03 When the young king came of age he incarcerated Roger Mortimer in the Tower. He was condemned without trial and hanged at Tyburn on 29 November, 1330  
       
  1338 -1342 Edward III pawned the Crown Jewels in order to pay his troops at the start of the Hundred Years War - the practice was forbidden after his reign  
       
  1348 - 1349 The terrible Black Death ravaged England killing nearly one third of the population - in London it was much worse and the population almost halved to 30,000. Pricess Joan, one of the Kings daughters, was killed by the Black Death. The moat was drained as it was feared an additional health hazard. Modern excavation have revealed Plague Pits just outside the Tower of London  
       
  1360 - 1377 Henry Yeverley, Master Mason was employed by the King as his chief Architect. More fortifications and a new gatehouse between the Lanthorn Tower and the Salt Tower was added together with smaller entrances behind the Byward and Develin Tower. The upper parts of the Bloody Tower were also re-built  
       
  1360 - 1377 The Cradle Tower was added  
       
  1360 - 1377 The Tower Wharf was extended eastwards as far as St Thomas’s Tower  
       
  1327 - 1377 The 'Great Tower' began to assume its modern name, as "La Blanche Tour" - the White Tower after yet another coating of whitewash  
       
  1377 - 1399 Richard II (grandson of Edward III, son of the Black Prince)  
       
  1378 The extension of the Tower Wharf and the Byward Tower improvements were completed  
       
  1381 The Tower under Siege
The Peasants Revolt
The Tower of London was under siege by English peasants. The Peasant's Revolt was instigated by a new poll tax and peasants marched on London  led by Wat Tyler and John Bull. Richard II and many of his family and household were forced to shelter in the Tower while over 10,000 rebels plundered and burned London for two days.  
       
  June 14th 1381 Part of  the Tower was occupied, and the Archbishop of Canterbury and the Treasurer was captured and brutally beheaded. The fourteen year old King Richard pacified the peasants in Blackheath.  
       
  June 15th 1381 Wat Tyler was later killed by Mayor Walworth and his men. John Ball met an even more horrific fate and was hung, drawn and quartered.  
       
  1387 The King and his Queen took refuge in the Tower again when the barons clashed with Robert de Vere, the Earl of Oxford  
       
  1399 John of Gaunt died and King Richard seized his lands. Gaunt's son, Henry Bolingbroke invaded England, whilst Richard was on campaign in Ireland, usurping the throne from the king  
       
  1 October 1399 King Richard II was condemned as a tyrant. He renounced the crown in his chamber in the White Tower and Henry IV was proclaimed King the next day.  
       
  Tower of London Timeline Events & Dates - 1400's  
       
  1399 - 1413 Henry IV (grandson of Edward III, son of John of Gaunt)  
       
  1399 Henry invaded England while Richard was on campaign in Ireland, usurping the throne from the king  
       
  1413 The leader of the Lollards, Sir John Oldcastle arrested the friend of the King was arrested and sent to the Tower of London  
       
  1413 Henry IV died suffering from leprosy and epilepsy  
       
  1413 - 1422 Henry V (son of Henry IV)  
       
  1419
The Royal Witch
The notorious Dowager Queen of England, Joan of Navarre, was accused by her stepson Henry V of witchcraft and necromancy - she was acquitted  
       
  1413 - 1422 The wars waged during his reign left England deeply in debt  
       
  1422 - 1461 & 1470 - 1471 Henry VI (son of Henry V)
 
       
  1465 - 1470 The mentally unstable and pious Lancastrian King Henry VI and his headstrong and ambitious wife Margaret of Anjou were imprisoned in the Tower of London from 1465 until 1470. Henry was briefly restored to power in 1470  
       
  22nd May 1471 The last Lancastrian king was murdered in the Wakefield Tower, whilst he was at prayer, the following day. He was probably murdered on the orders of Edward IV  
       
    England entered the period of civil disorder and political instability known as the Wars of the Roses.  
       
  1461 - 1483 Edward IV ( youngest son of Edward III )  
       
  1461 - 1483 Edward IV maintained and improved the Tower defences  
       
  February 1478 George, Duke of Clarence, the brother of Edward IV was executed for treason in the Tower of London  
       
  1480 A new brick bulwark (outer defence) was built beyond the western entrance  
       
  1461 - 1483 Edward IV was a notorious womaniser - his affairs led to claims of illegitimacy and ultimately led to the murder of his sons  
       
  1483 Edward V (eldest son of King Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville)  
       
  1483 The boy king was on his way to his coronation in London but was intercepted by his uncle, and Protector ( who would become Richard III ). Edward was escorted to London and then to the Tower. On the 16th June 1483  he was joined by his brother Prince Richard. The coronation was cancelled.  
       
  1483 The thirteen year old King and his ten year old brother mysteriously disappeared in the Tower after being declared illegitimate. They were believed to have been murdered and are referred to as the Little Princes in the Tower  
       
  1483 - 1485 Richard III (uncle of Edward V)  
       
  June 25 1483 Parliament declared the two little princes illegitimate and, as next in line to the throne, their uncle and Protector, Richard, Duke of Gloucester, was declared the true King. The two little princes were never seen again  
       
  August 22nd 1485 A Lancastrian rebellion rose against the Yorkist Richard and on  he fell in the Battle of Bosworth Field to Henry Tudor  
       
  1485 - 1509 Henry VII (grandson of Henry V)  
       
  1485-1509 Henry VII cemented his succession and settled the friction between the Yorkists and Lancastrians by marrying the Yorkist heir, Elizabeth of York  
       
   

Henry VII built the last permanent royal residential buildings at the Tower of London:

  • He extended the Royal lodgings around the Lanthorn Tower
  • Added a new private chamber
  • Built a library
  • Added a long gallery
 
       
  1487 Lambert Simnel (1475–1525) imposter and pretender to the English throne was defeated at the battle of Stoke, taken prisoner but pardoned and supposedly was employed as a scullion in the royal kitchen  
       
  1499 Perkin Warbeck, who also claimed to be one of the Princes in the Tower (Richard) was interrogated and executed at the Tower of London  
       
    Edmund de la Pole, earl of Suffolk, had a strong Yorkist claim to the throne as a descendent of Edward III, was imprisoned for years and finally executed by Henry VIII without trial in 1513  
       
  1502 A papal dispensation was obtained to enable his second son Henry to marry the wife (Katherine of Aragon) of his first son Arthur who had died  
       
  Tower of London Timeline Events & Dates - 1500's  
       
  1509 - 1547 Henry VIII (Henry VII's second son, Arthur married Katherine of Aragon but died at the age of 15)  
       
  1509 King Henry VIII marries Katherine of Aragon  
       
  1512 The original chapel of St Peter Ad Vincula was burned down  
       
  1515 The chapel of St Peter Ad Vincula re-built  
       
  1515 - 1547 Gun emplacements were improvised during the reign of Henry VIII. The roof of the White Tower needed to be strengthened to take the weight of cannon  
       
  1513 Edmund de la Pole - a threat to the Tudor throne - executed without trial  
       
  1530 Extensive building and repairs work to the Royal Lodgings was conducted under the orders of Henry VIII in preparation of the coronation of Anne Boleyn. The work was supervised by Thomas Cromwell. This included the repair and decoration of the magnificent Great Hall and  new chamber for the Queen.  
       
  1530 The White Tower's most famous features – the onion-shaped domes on the turrets, complete with weather vanes  
       
  1533 Henry divorced his first wife, Katherine of Aragon  
       
  1534 Henry VIII broke with the Church in Rome with the Act of Supremacy, which made the king head of the Church of England. The Tower expands the role of prison for a large number of religious and political prisoners and its bloody history  
       
  1535 Sir Thomas Moore and Bishop Fisher of Rochester were executed for refusing to acknowledge Henry VIII as head of the English Church  
       
  January 25th 1533 Henry married Anne Boleyn  
       
  May 23rd 1533 Anne lead a procession from the Tower of London to Westminster Abbey for her coronation  
       
  May 2nd 1536 Anne Boleyn arrested and taken to the Tower which she entered by Traitor's Gate  
       
  May 15th 1536 Anne Boleyn tried for treason, adultery and incest in the Great Hall of the Tower of London  
       
  May 19th 1536 Anne Boleyn executed on Tower Hill. Anne's body and head were buried in an unmarked grave in the Chapel of St. Peter ad Vincula. Within 24 hours of Anne Boleyn's execution, Jane Seymour and Henry VIII were formally betrothed. On the 30th of May 1536 they were married but Jane dies a premature death after giving birth to Henry's son.  
       
  1540 Henry VIII marries Anne of Cleves but the marriage is annulled. Thomas Cromwell is blamed, imprisoned in the Tower, then executed on Tower Hill  
       
  July 28th 1540 49 year old Henry married 19 year old Catherine Howard  
       
  1541 Margaret Pole, Countess of Salisbury, is executed in the Tower  
       
  13th February 1542 Catherine Howard executed for adultery  
       
  12th July 1543 Henry marries Katherine Parr who had a near brush with death she was linked with 'heretical' religious reformers including the tragic Anne Askew who was tortured on the rack in the tower  
       
  1547 - 1553 Edward V (Henry's son by Jane Seymour)  
       
  1548 Thomas Seymour is imprisoned in the Tower, then beheaded on Tower Hill  
       
  1552 The young King's protector, the Duke of Somerset, and his confederates met their death at the Tower  
       
  1553 Edward died of tuberculosis and he left the throne to 'the Lady Jane and her heirs male.'  
       
  Monday 10 July - 1553 Lady Jane Grey (Queen for just Nine Days)  
       
  Monday 10th July 1553 Proclaimed Queen of England. Lady Jane Grey and her husband Guildford Dudley were taken in full state from Syon House to the Royal Apartments in the Tower of London  
       
  19th July 1553 Queen Jane was deposed as Queen  
       
  1553 - 1558 Mary (Henry's daughter by Queen Katherine of Aragon)  
       
  1553 - 1558 The eldest daughter of Henry VIII is referred to as 'Bloody Mary' for her persecution of Protestants and political rivals  
       
  12th February 1553 Lady Jane Grey and her husband Guildford Dudley were executed at the Tower of London  
       
  1554 Princess Elizabeth was imprisoned in the Tower for eight weeks  
       
  1555 The men-at-arms were formally incorporated as yeoman warders. 21 warders were appointed and were joined by 17 'skilful gunners'  
       
  1556 Archbishop Cranmer, Bishops Ridley and Latimer, who were condemned to death for heresy, were imprisoned in the Tower before being burned at the stake at Oxford in 1556  
       
  1558 - 1603 Elizabeth I (Henry's daughter by Anne Boleyn)  
       
  1563 When the Black Death ( Bubonic Plague ) broke out in London in 1563, Queen Elizabeth I moved her court to Windsor Castle where she erected gallows and ordered that anyone coming from London was to be hanged  
       
  11583 Relatives of William Shakespeare sent to the Tower. In 1583 Edward Arden, the head of the Catholic Arden Family was executed for his Catholic beliefs and for plotting against the life of the Queen. Edward Arden's son-in-law, John Somerville, was also arrested, tortured on the rack and died in the Tower of London for being supporters of the Catholic Mary Queen of Scots  
       
  1585 Henry Percy, 8th Earl of Northumberland, died in mysterious circumstances in the Tower by three bullet holes in the chest  
       
  1599 The Jesuit priest John Gerard escaped from the Cradle Tower  
       
  25th February 1601 Robert Devereux (1566-1601), Earl of Essex executed on Tower Green  
       
  1601 - 1603 The Royal Mint was extended and new storehouses were built for royal military supplies  
       
  Tower of London Timeline Events & Dates - 1600's  
       
  1603 - 1625 James I of England James VI of Scotland (great-great-grandson of Henry VII)  
       
  1603 James I arrived at the Tower on the day of his arrival in London from Edinburgh and stayed there for several nights  
       
  1613 Sir Thomas Overbury, poet and courtier, was poisoned in the Tower  
       
  1618 Sir Walter Raleigh was held in the Wardrobe Tower and the Brick Tower before he was beheaded in Old Palace Yard  
       
    The Lieutenant’s house - built in the 1540s and now called the Queen’s House - was extended and modified.  
       
  1625 - 1649 Charles I (second son of James)  
       
  1629 The King's chief opponent in Parliament was Sir John Eliot, who was imprisoned in the Tower of London until his death in 1632  
       
  1642 Civil war broke out between King and parliament.  
       
  1643 The Tower was seized from the King by parliamentarians and remained in their hands throughout the Civil War (1642-49) during which time a permanent garrison was installed  
       
  30th January 1649 Charles was beheaded on a scaffold outside the Banqueting House in Whitehall, London.  
       
  1649 - 1659 The Commonwealth under the Cromwells  
       
  7 February 1649 The office of King was formally abolished  
       
  1649 The Crown Jewels were ordered to be broken up as being symbolic of the 'detestable rule of kings'. Many precious stones were sold separately but some ancient pieces were sold intact and subsequently returned to the crown  
       
  1660 - 1685 Charles II (oldest son of Charles) Royal House of Stuart Restored  
       
  1660 - 1685 Major improvements to the Tower's defences were made and batteries of guns were set in place along the walls and the arsenal was expanded. The garrison was used to quell any disturbances in the City of London.  
       
  1660 - 1685 The Stone Kitchen and Golden Chain taverns, used by the inhabitants of the casements and other tower employees, were believed to have been built at this time  
       
  1660 - 1685 The function of the Tower declined as a state prison declined and the Office of Ordnance took over responsibility for most of the castle.  
       
  1660 Replacements for the lost Crown Jewels were purchased at a cost of nearly £13,000  
       
  1660 The first sightseers were admitted to the Tower of London which included viewing of the Crown Jewels  
       
  1671 Colonel Thomas Blood and his men tried to steal the Crown Jewels from the Martin Tower in 1671  
       
  1666 The Tower narrowly escaped destruction from the Great Fire of London  
       
  1667 Records show that 9,677 barrels of gunpowder were stored in the White Tower  
       
  1663 - 1664 The New Armouries were built as a storehouse for small arms by the Board of Ordinance  
       
  61685 - 1688 James II (brother of Charles II)  
       
  1685 James had to crush a rebellion of Protestants who rallied around his nephew James, Duke of Monmouth, the son of Charles II the son of Charles II and his mistress, Lucy Walter. Monmouth was captured and beheaded on Tower Hill  
       
  1688 Hanging Judge Jeffreys sentenced many to death acted on the orders of the King  
       
  1688 The building of the Grand Storehouse begun to house arms and army and navy munitions  
       
  1688 The Catholic James was deposed and replaced by by his Protestant daughter and son-in-law, Mary II and William III, who became joint Sovereigns.  
       
  1689 - 1694 William and Mary - William of Orange (grandson of Charles I) and Mary (daughter of James II)  
       
  1689 Hanging Judge Jeffreys died in the Tower - he had sentenced 320 at the 'Bloody Assizes' to be executed or transported to the Penal colonies  
       
  1690
Battle of Boyne
The deposed James made one attempt to regain the crown, but his French and Irish forces were soundly defeated at the Battle of Boyne  
       
  1694 - 1702 William of Orange ruled alone after Mary's death  
       
  Tower of London Timeline Events & Dates - 1700's  
       
  1702 - 1714 Anne (sister of Mary)  
       
    The Monarchy  no longer used the Tower as State apartments so showed little interest in the castle  
       
  1714 - 1727 George I (great-grandson of James I)  
       
    The Monarchy  no longer used the Tower as State apartments so showed little interest in the castle  
       
  1727 - 1760 George II (son of George I)  
       
    The Monarchy  no longer used the Tower as State apartments so showed little interest in the castle  
       
  1760 - 1820 George III (grandson of George II)  
       
  1780 The Tower held its only American prisoner, former President of the Continental Congress, Henry Laurens  
       
  1804 The menagerie was opened to the Public  
       
  Tower of London Timeline Events & Dates - 1800's  
       
  1820 - 1830 George IV (son of George III)  
       
    As the Prince of Wales George IV was impressed by the work of the architect, John Nash. He commissioned him to design Regent's Park and its environs of curved terraces. He also arranged for Nash to create Buckingham Palace and the rebuilding of the Royal Pavilion at Brighton  
       
  1830 - 1837 William IV (brother of George IV)  
       
  1834 - 1835 The Royal Menagerie left the Lion Tower in 1834 to become the London Zoo. Most of the Lion Tower was demolished soon after, although the Lion Gate still remains  
       
  1837 - 1901 Victoria (niece of William IV)  
       
  1841 The first official guidebook to the Tower was published  
       
  1841 The Grand Storehouse burned down during a great fire at the Tower and many weapons were destroyed The moat, which had been drained and filled in 1843,  
       
  1843 The moat was drained and filled  
       
  1848 Revolution swept across Europe and in London the Chartist movement delivered a petition to Parliament asserting the rights of ordinary people. Fear that a revolutionary  mob might storm the Tower prompted a final refortification of the Tower  
       
  1850 The documents of state stored in the Record Office moved to Chancery Lane  
       
  1851 Anthony Salvin, a Victorian architect, was appointed in 1851 to 'restore' the Tower to a pseudo-medieval form so it could be opened to the public. The Salt Tower, White Tower, St Thomas's Tower and the Bloody Tower were all 'restored'  
       
  1851 The restoration of the Tower included the demolition of the two taverns, the Stone Kitchen and the Golden Chain which was used by tower employees  
       
  1855 The War Office assumed responsibility for the manufacture and storage of weapons  
       
  1842-1862 Waterloo Barracks were built - the Brick, Flint and Bowyer were altered to provide additional accomodation. The barracks were able to house 1,000 soldiers and new loop-holes and gun emplacements were built. The Royal Fusilier's Museum, built as the Officer's Mess, was also erected  
       
  1870 John Taylor took over the restoration of the Tower of London which included the Cradle and Develin towers  
       
  1876-1877 Chapel of St Peter Ad Vincula - bones were exhumed, including those of Anne Boleyn, as part of the chapel's restoration  
       
  Tower of London Timeline Events & Dates - 1900's  
       
  1901 - 1910 Edward VII (son of Victoria and Albert)  
       
  1910 - 1936 George V (second son of Edward VII)  
       
  1914 - 1918 The First World War - a bomb fell in the moat of the tower  
       
  1914 - 1916 11 German spies were shot in the tower  
       
  1930's Excavation of the moat adjacent to the former Royal menagerie site at the Tower of London. Many animal skulls, including lions and leopard, were found dating back to the 1200's  
       
  1936 Edward VIII (son of George V)  
       
    The abdication of King Edward VIII following his affair with Wallis Simpson  
       
  1936 - 1952 George VI (second son of George V)  
       
  1933 - 1937 Army officer, and Traitor, Norman Baillie-Stewart was the last British citizen held for any length of time in the Tower of London  
       
  1939 - 1945 The Second World War - Bomb damage to the Tower severely damaged or destroyed many buildings  
       
  05-Oct-40 The North Bastion  received a direct hit  
       
  1940 The Hospital Block which was partly destroyed during an air raid  
       
    Bombs also destroyed the Main Guard, to the south west of the White Tower.  
       
  14-Aug-41 The last prisoner of the Tower of London, Corporal Josef Jakobs, a German spy, is executed.  
       
  1942 Hitler's Deputy Fuhrer of Nazi Germany, Rudolf Hess, was imprisoned in the Kings's House for 4 days.  
       
  1945 The Crown Jewels had been moved to a secret location at the start of the war, for safe keeping. The collection was returned to the Tower at the end of the war  
       
  1940's - 1950's Waterloo Barracks used as a base for the 1st Battalion Royal Fusiliers (City of London Regiment)  
       
  1952 The Kray twins were held in the Tower for 4 days for failing to report for national service, making them amongst the last prisoners of the Tower of London;  was the traitorous Army officer Norman Baillie-Stewart from 1933-1937.  
       
  1952 - Elizabeth II (daughter of George VI)  
       
  1950's Waterloo Barracks became the location of the Crown Jewels  
       
  1967 An underground Jewel House was built but the display could not cope with the visitors which numbered up to 15,000 a day  
       
  1968 The Mint was moved to Cardiff  
       
  1994 The Crown Jewels were transferred to the Jewel House at the Tower of London which was opened by Queen Elizabeth I  
       
  1995-1999 Archaeological Excavations of the Tower of London Moat unearthed parts of the Tower's 13th century defences including the Beauchamp Tower which collapsed during the initial building program  
       
The Tower of London Timeline
The above comprehensive Tower of London Timeline has been developed to show the major events which occurred during the various rule of each of the Kings and Queens of England. The highly detailed Tower of London Timeline is simple to follow and the dates of each of the reigns and the names of the relevant Kings and Queens are highlighted for ease of reference. All major building, demolition and improvements are detailed in the Tower of London timeline. Key events of the history of the City of London and England have also been described within the Tower of London timeline. Links have been provided giving access to even more facts and information about events listed in the Tower of London Timeline.

The Tower of London Timeline

The Tower of London

  • The History of The Tower of London
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  • The Tower of London Timeline
  • The Tower of London Prisoners
  • The Executions and Beheading of men and women

The Tower of London

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