The first Roman Fort at Londinium falls to Boudicca
The original Roman fort at Londinium was destroyed by the Iceni
tribe in their rebellion against the Romans, led by Boudicca,
Queen of the Iceni in 60AD. Caius Suetonius Paullinus was the
Roman governor of Britain at this time. Boudicca first attacked
the capital of Roman England Camulodunum (now Colchester). It
was not well-defended and the Romans were easily defeated
against the Iceni force of over 100,000. Queen Boudicca's army
then marched on Londinium (London). Suetonius strategically
abandoned Londinium. The army of Queen Boudicca army burned
Londinium to the ground and massacred the 25,000 inhabitants who
had not fled. The Romans gained controlled of the Iceni rebels
and a new Roman fort at Londinium was quickly erected following
the defeat of Boudicca.
The London Wall - built by the Romans
The Romans had learnt the lesson taught to them by the terrible
Queen Boudiccea of the Iceni and looked to defending the town of
Londinium. By the 200BC all except the river side of Londinium
was totally enclosed by a massive defensive wall. Remains of the
Roman wall can be seen from Noble Street and St Alphage's
churchyard but the most famous Roman remains are at Tower Hill
and a section of the Roman Wall has been preserved in the Tower
of London. The town of Londinium had several exits from the
enclosure wall. A Western exit was situated on the site of
Newgate. Roman Roads led to the Londinium gates. The 'Newgate'
had a gate house and was flanked by square towers - the 'Newgate'
gatehouse was about 100 feet wide. Londinium boasted a large
courthouse (basilica) and market place (forum) which was located
on the site of present day Cornhill.
Roman Temples at Londinium
Londinium housed many Roman Temples. Londinium was not the
capital - this was Colchester or, given its Roman name,
Camulodunium. St Pauls Cathedral was built on the site which
once housed a Roman Temple dedicated to the goddess Diana.
Another Roman Temple dedicated to the God Appollo once stood at
Roman Temple of Mithras discovered in London (Londinium)
Traces of our Roman ancestors are still being discovered. In
1954 excavations North of Cannon Street led to the discovery of
the Roman Temple of Mithras. This Roman Temple was built on the
East bank of the Wallbrook stream which is an estuary of the
River Thames - the remains can be viewed at Bucklesbury House in
Victoria Street. The re-constructed temple is now on an elevated
platform some six feet above street level. The remains of two
square Romano-Celtic temples have also been found at a Roman
temple complex in Southwark in South London.
The Romans built the large city of Londinium. In 410AD the Roman
homeland were attacked by barbarian tribes and the Romans left
Britain in an attempt to halt the Decline of the Roman Empire.
No new innovations were made to British architecture until the
advent of the Romanesque Architecture style of the Normans and
their massive stone castles. Londinium was re-named London and
the famous Tower of London was built by William the Conqueror.