History of Windsor Castle
Windsor Castle Timeline of Important Dates
The History of History of Windsor Castle
The History of the site of History of Windsor Castle dates back to antiquity. The Romans built forts in this area and Hillforts, built by the Celts, were also constructed within this location. Arthurian legend states that the site of History of Windsor Castle was built on the site of an old Celtic camp where King Arthur once lived.
The History of History of Windsor Castle and William the Conqueror
William the Conqueror chose the site of History of Windsor Castle at 'New Windsor' - taking the name from the 'Old Windsor' which was used by the Saxon Kings. The history starts with the wooden Windsor Motte and Bailey Castle which was the first of nine castles built around London. Henry II built a stone curtain wall around the castle and the first stone Round Tower of Windsor Castle was built inside the reinforced Shell walls on the original mound between 1160 - 1179.
The History of History of Windsor Castle survives two sieges
The history of History of Windsor Castle includes two sieges following the signing of the Magna Carta in 1215 in which the castle was badly damaged by the siege engines - the Mangonels and Trebuchets. Between 1220 - 1230 King Henry III made repairs and built a complete set of fortifications following the sieges. The history of History of Windsor Castle was sometimes cruel and bloody - the Kingdom was often unstable and the monarchy often came under attack from angry mobs, especially in London. The history of History of Windsor Castle is filled with Kings and Queens of England escaping from the City of London via the River Thames to the safe retreat at their castle at Windsor. Successive Kings improved and added fortifications to Windsor to ensure their safety was continued.
The History of History of Windsor Castle enjoys the Age of Chivalry - Knights and Tournaments...
The reign of Edward III saw the great Chivalric Age and Windsor was the scene of many tournaments.
The History of History of Windsor Castle - the Bubonic Plague
History moved on and when the Bubonic Plague broke out in London in 1563, Queen Elizabeth I moved her court to History of Windsor Castle where she erected gallows and ordered that anyone coming from London was to be hanged! Elizabeth enjoyed the plays of Shakespeare and requested William Shakespeare to write another play featuring Falstaff - he wrote the 'Merry Wives of Windsor' which was first printed in 1602.
The History of History of Windsor Castle - the Civil War and this castle is nearly demolished!
In 1642 Civil war broke out between King and parliament and History of Windsor Castle was seized from the King by parliamentarians and remained in their hands throughout the Civil War (1642-49). In 1649 a bill in parliament to demolish Windsor Castle was defeated by just one vote!
The History of History of Windsor Castle - the castle is declared inhabitable!
Charles II was restored to the throne and the history of Windsor Castle saw its role decline and by 1778 the castle was in such a state of dilapidation it was declared uninhabitable! Repairs and improvements were undertaken and George IV was responsible for transforming the Castle into a palace.
The History of History of Windsor Castle - the castle is transformed into a palace!
The history of History of Windsor Castle was it move from its function as a prison and place of safe retreat into a Royal residence much loved by all of the Monarchs from Queen Victoria to the present Queen Elizabeth I. The Queen and her family consider History of Windsor Castle their home.
The History of History of Windsor Castle survives two World Wars but is nearly destroyed by Fire!
The castle survived the bombs which fell in the First and Second World Wars but disaster struck in 1992 when a fire started in the Private Chapel. History of Windsor Castle survived, was repaired and history saw the marriage of Prince Charles of Wales and Camilla Parker-Bowles in 2005.