• What was the Origin, Meaning or Definition of the Crenellations
  • Description of a castle Crenellations
  • What was the purpose of the Crenellations?
  • Did Crenellations help with Castle defenses?
  • How were the Crenellations attacked?


Description of the Crenellations
Crenellations (battlements) are the distinguishing feature of a castle - clearly indicating that the castle was built to withstand a battle. A crenellation was a rampart built around the top of a castle with regular gaps for firing arrows. The Crenellations was situated on the top of castle towers and walls.
The Crenellations  composed of:

  • 'Crenels' (The gap, or open space, measuring 2-3 feet wide, between two Merlons in a battlement or crenellated wall )
  • 'Merlons' (The solid portion between two Crenels in a battlement measuring 4 - 5 feet wide and 3 - 7 feet high)

Purpose of the Crenellations
The purpose of the Crenellations was to provide a fighting platform and good vantage point from which
soldiers launched arrows. The crenellations also provided defenders with a solid defence to hide behind when they were not launching arrows from the gaps in between the stone battlements. The gaps in the crenellations ( the crenels) would also have temporary wooden shutters offering additional protection during siege warfare. Attackers would scale the castle wall and scaling ladders had hooks designed to fit over the crenels.

Origin, Meaning of the word 'Crenellations'
Origin and Meaning of the word 'Crenellations' derives from French word 'creneler' which means to furnish with battlements - diminutive of 'cren' meaning notch or cranny

Introduction of the Crenellations - Norman Castles
The Crenellations were introduced with Norman castles
during the Medieval period 1066 - 1154

Crenellations - Part of a Norman Castle
The Normans introduced the wooden Motte and Bailey Castle to England following their victory at the Battle of Hastings in 1066. The Norman timber Motte and Bailey castles were quickly replaced by permanent stone Norman castles. The Crenellations feature in the castles built by the Normans and this feature continued in the later Medieval Castles.


Parts of a Castle

  • What were the purpose of the different parts of the Medieval Castle?
  • What was the difference between the parts of a castle called the Garderobe and the Wardrobe?
  • Identifying parts of a castle - Description, purpose and function of the  Moat, Dungeon and Portcullis
  • Description, purpose and function of the Barbican, Gatehouse, Crenellations and Drawbridge

Crenellations - Main - Different - Inside - Part - Description - Definition - Purpose - Function - Design - Materials - Made - Norman - Name - History - Facts - Glossary - Terms - Information - Crenelation -Info - Pictures - Dark Ages - Dark Age - Old - Medieval - Mediaeval - Crenelation -Middle Ages - Motte and Bailey - Medevil - Crenellations - Medevial - Meadieval - Madieval - Meideval - Medievall - Midieval - Midevil - Mideval - Casttles - Carstles - Cassels - Cassells - Crenelation -Carsels - Carsells - Carsels - Carstles - Carsalls - Fortress - Citadel - Court - Donjon - Tower - Defence - Battle - Build - Defend - Crenelation - England - English - Crenellations

Copyright information Cookies PolicyGoogle+Privacy Statement